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Wednesday, June 19, 2024

The Violent Historical past and Fiery Start of the ‘Dragon’s Egg Nebula’ Solves Stellar Thriller

Credit score – VLT Survey Telescope hosted at ESO’s Paranal Observatory, ESO/VPHAS+ workforce. Acknowledgment: CASU

Astronomers learning the origins of an odd and mysterious nebula deduced a turbulent historical past that reveals how large stars can change into magnetized that in any other case wouldn’t be.

In addition to displaying this, they have been in a position to seize an exquisite picture of what’s known as the ‘Dragon’s Egg’ nebula within the constellation Norma.

Researchers on the European Southern Observatory in Chile’s Atacama Desert have been focusing their consideration on a binary star system known as HD 148937, whereby one star was small and previous, and the opposite star was large, magnetic, and youthful.

Abigail Frost, an astronomer at ESO in Chile and lead creator of the research that ultimately revealed the celebrities’ creation story, informed Physics.org that one would count on a binary star pairing to be the identical age, and positively not asymmetrically magnetic.

Large stars are nearly by no means magnetized, not like our personal Solar which is comparatively small. Including to the enigma of HD 148937, an exquisite nebula surrounded the pair wealthy in hydrogen, nitrogen, and helium—compounds that one would look forward to finding inside a star, not outdoors.

“A nebula surrounding two large stars is a rarity, and it actually made us really feel like one thing cool needed to have occurred on this system,” Frost mentioned. “When trying on the information, the coolness solely elevated.”

In addition to deepening the thriller, the nebula additionally helped resolve it. The proof pointed to the situation wherein HD 148937 was a trinary star system that noticed two stars shut sufficient collectively to ultimately collide and merge, blasting out materials that fashioned the nebula.

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The 1.5 million yr age distinction between the smaller, non-magnetic star, and the bigger magnetic star, was as a result of bigger one restoring a little bit of its risky youthfulness having merged with the third star.

“Magnetism in large stars isn’t anticipated to final very lengthy in comparison with the lifetime of the star, so it appears we have now noticed this uncommon occasion very quickly after it occurred,” Frost provides.

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The information to tell the speculation got here from the PIONIER and GRAVITY devices onboard the Very Giant Telescope Interferometer within the Atacama Desert, in addition to info from the archive of the FEROS instrument at ESO’s La Silla Observatory.

The Dragon’s Egg nebula is a catchy title, and its fiery origin befitting, however there isn’t more likely to be any extra hatching happening on this star system other than Frost’s new idea on the formation of magnetism in large stars.

SHARE This Attention-grabbing Story On The Start Of A Large Magnet Star… 

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