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Wednesday, June 19, 2024

Good Information on This Day in Historical past


553 years in the past at this time, Albrecht Dürer was born in Nuremberg. This unimaginable draftsman, engraver, printmaker, and painter was in all probability probably the most well-known European creator of woodblock prints to ever stay. Protecting firm with the likes of Raphael and Leonardo Da Vinci, he positioned himself on the tip of the spear of what’s generally known as the Northern Renaissance. READ extra… (1471)

Albrecht Dürer in two self portraits – public area

At 13 years previous, Dürer produced a drawing in silverpoint, dated to 1484 (Albertina, Vienna) “after I was a toddler”, as his later inscription says. The drawing is without doubt one of the earliest surviving kids’s drawings of any type.

10 years later, a now-married Dürer took his first journey to Italy the place he studied extra superior creative methods. He stayed in Venice, Padua, and Mantova.

On his return to Nuremberg in 1495, Dürer opened his personal workshop, and over the subsequent 5 years, his type more and more built-in Italian influences into underlying Northern varieties.

MORE Good Information on this Day:

  • The nation of Colombia abolished slavery (1851)
  • FIFA, the Fédération Internationale de Soccer Affiliation, was based in Paris (1904)
  • Charles Lindbergh touched down at Le Bourget Subject in Paris, finishing the world’s first solo nonstop flight throughout the Atlantic Ocean, after taking off from Lengthy Island, New York (1927)
  • 72 years in the past, the ninth Road Artwork Exhibition opened—a gathering of notable artists stepping out of the post-war New York avant-garde scene, collectively generally known as the New York Faculty (1951)
  • David Bowie hit No.1 on the US singles chart with Let’s Dance (considered one of his best-selling hits worldwide), that includes blues guitarist Stevie Ray Vaughan, and a music video made by David Mallet in Australia that included a well-known bar scene with locals dancing (1983)
  • Susan Lucci, who additionally authored a memoir, a cookbook, and a health video, lastly received a Daytime Emmy for her longtime function within the cleaning soap opera All My Kids, after being nominated 19 occasions— the longest interval of unsuccessful nominations in tv historical past (1999)

64 years in the past at this time, American Soprano Leontyne Worth broke a type of shade barrier when she sang the lead function in Giuseppe Verdi’s Aida on the Teatro alla Scala in Milan. In doing so she grew to become the primary African American and first African American lady to ever carry out the lead function on the well-known theater. The reception was tumultuous, and a Milanese critic wrote that “our nice Verdi would have discovered her the best Aida.” 

Leontyne Worth credit score – Jack Mitchell CC 4.0.

Born in Laurel, Mississippi, Worth attended Central State College after which Juilliard (graduating cum laude), the place she had her operatic debut as Mistress Ford in Verdi’s Falstaff.

Her 1955 televised efficiency of Puccini’s Tosca, plus appearances on the San Francisco Opera as Poulenc’s Dialogues des Carmélites and Aida, introduced her to worldwide consideration. She went on to sing at lots of the world’s main opera homes with Aida, earlier than her profitable debut on the Metropolitan Opera (Met) in 1961, as Leonora in Verdi’s Il Trovatore.

Throughout the 50s and 60s she was a field workplace draw, and Worth was quickly incomes a high payment. By 1964, she was paid $2,750 per efficiency, on par with Joan Sutherland, Maria Callas, and Renata Tebaldi, in response to the Met archives. (1960)

14 years in the past, solar-sailing expertise was efficiently demonstrated when the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Company launched IKAROS a small statement system hooked up to a sail of skinny reflective polyimide embedded with photo voltaic cells. On December eighth, 2010, IKRAOS flew previous Venus, efficiently finishing its mission targets of demonstrating photo voltaic crusing flight in interplanetary area.

IKAROS solar-sailing probe as depicted by an artist – CC 3.0. Andrzej Mirecki

Galileo theorized that in the identical means a ship goes upon the ocean by the kiss of the wind, so too ought to one be capable to sail on “heavenly winds.” Whether or not he knew precisely what he was referring to or not, he was appropriate sufficient to provide him at the least some credit score as the primary individual to recommend it was doable. The following can be Carl Sagan, American astronomer and founding father of the Planetary Society, who demonstrated the idea on the Johnny Carson Present.

A sail produced from a super-reflective materials takes incoming electromagnetic radiation from the solar and bounces it again the wrong way with out absorbing it as warmth. The short change of course generates helpful propulsion that, when repeatedly carried out over time, can speed up and even change the course of a spacecraft.

IKAROS accomplished all of its scientific targets, together with the demonstration of thrust from the solar, in addition to torque to vary instructions, and it collected information because it flew previous Venus earlier than its restricted capability to generate energy triggered it to spend giant quantities of time on its journey away from the inside planets in hibernation mode. (2010)

53 years in the past at this time, Marvin Gaye launched What’s Going On, a landmark LP in pop music historical past. The idea album flowed with songs written from the viewpoint of a Vietnam veteran returning to the US, and seeing solely hatred, struggling, and injustice.

Thought to be one of many biggest albums of the twentieth century, the artist himself produced it—a primary for Motown which had resisted any protest themes—but they lastly launched it, and it grew to become Motown’s best-selling album thus far.

The hovering title monitor, with its timeless lyric “battle just isn’t the reply, for under love can conquer hate,” grew to become a smash—and the second single, Mercy Mercy Me (The Ecology), has been credited with pioneering ecological consciousness following the primary Earth Day, one 12 months earlier.

“Ah, mercy, mercy me – issues ain’t what they was once. The place did all of the blue skies go?
Poison is the wind that blows…”

The D.C.-born singer of romantic chart-toppers like, Let’s Get it On and Heard it By way of the Grapevine, had made his mark on the world. WATCH a phase from the Biography documentary, What’s Going On… (1971)

 

143 years in the past at this time, Clara Barton established The American Purple Cross to supply humanitarian support to victims of wars and pure disasters.Clara Barton engraving portrait

She labored with the Worldwide Purple Cross in Germany 11 years earlier when the Franco-Prussian Battle broke out and wished to increase the identical good works at house. Barton, already generally known as the “Angel of the Battlefield” for her work with the sick throughout the U.S. Civil Battle, led the American Purple Cross till she was in her 80s. (1881)

Additionally, 219 years in the past at this time, a pharmacist’s apprentice, Friedrich Sertürner, found the dear properties contained in opium.Friedrich_Sertuerner-pharmacist-who-discovered-morphine

He named its energetic ingredient “morphium” after the Greek god of desires, and later renamed it morphine. This lifelong pharmacist in Paderborn, Germany was the primary individual to isolate an alkaloid as an energetic ingredient from a medicinal plant. When different chemists didn’t consider the preliminary report of Sertürner’s discovery of morphine he resorted to public experimentation on himself and three associates to show that the substance he had remoted was certainly the one which was accountable for the actions of opium. By 1820 chemists had remoted different medically essential substances equivalent to quinine, strychnine and caffeine. (1805)

Pleased 72nd Birthday to Mr. T, the actor and retired WWE wrestler recognized for his tough-guy function within the Nineteen Eighties TV collection The A-Workforce and his boxing function in Rocky III.

Picture by Miguel Discart – CC

Born Lawrence Tureaud, he’s recognized for his distinctive African Mandinka warrior coiffure and his gold jewellery, which he stopped sporting quickly after volunteering to help within the cleanup for victims of Hurricane Katrina. Describing himself as a born-again Christian from the hood, he battled most cancers and got here out a winner. (1952)

44 years in the past at this time, The Empire Strikes Again, produced by George Lucas opened in cinemas in UK and North America. Recognized now as Star Wars Episode V, it was the second movie within the Star Wars movie collection and the sequel to the 1977 unique Star Wars.

It’s set three years after the climactic ending of the primary movie. Beneath the management of Darth Vader and Emperor Palpatine, the Galactic Empire relentlessly pursues Luke Skywalker and the remainder of the ragtag Insurgent Alliance, together with Han Solo, Princess Leia, Chewbacca, and C-3PO. In the meantime, Luke, who lately came upon he was a Jedi, goes to review the Drive underneath Grasp Yoda.

The very best-grossing movie of 1980, it’s now considered one of the best movie within the Star Wars saga and one of many biggest movies ever made. Adjusted for inflation, it’s the second-highest-grossing sequel of all time and the thirteenth-highest-grossing movie of all time in North America. COMPARE the oddly previous trailer and the trendy one… (1980)

The 2020 trailer…

And, the 40-year-old trailer…

 

SHARE the Milestones, Reminiscences, and Music…



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