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Tuesday, July 16, 2024

Good Information on this Day in Historical past


60 years in the past, the Group for African Unity (OAU) was fashioned in Ethiopia with 32 members. The founding Chairman was the founding father of Ghana, Kwame Nkrumah, and the group went on to aim to deliver recently-decolonized Africa right into a physique of succesful and affluent nation-states. In 2002, South African chairman Thabo Mbeki formally dispanded the OAU, calling for a brand new type of group that could possibly be used to defend Africans in quite a few inside conflicts, and the African Union, which persists as we speak, was fashioned thereafter. READ extra… (2002)

Group of African Unity Map

The OAU was additionally devoted to the eradication of all types of colonialism and white minority rule as, when it was established, there have been a number of states that had not but received their independence or have been white minority-ruled. South Africa and Angola have been two such international locations.

The OAU proposed two methods of ridding the continent of colonialism and white minority rule. First, it could defend the pursuits of unbiased international locations and assist to pursue the independence these of still-colonized ones. Secondly, it could stay impartial when it comes to world affairs, stopping its members from being managed as soon as extra by outdoors powers.

The OAU additionally aimed to remain impartial when it comes to international politics, which might forestall them from being managed as soon as extra by outdoors forces, a particular hazard with the Chilly Conflict. Nevertheless the shortage of enforceability restricted the OAU’s energy, and ultimately the events acknowledged that one thing extra judicial was wanted, therefore the AU.

 

MORE Good Information on this Day:

  • Delegates convened a Constitutional Conference in Philadelphia to put in writing a brand new Structure for the US, with George Washington presiding (1787)
  • Paul Weller, the British singer-songwriter who shot to fame as a member of the The Jam and Fashion Council (strive the jazzy Cafe Bleu) from the 70s and 80s, was born (1958)
  • Erik Weihenmayer, 32, of Boulder, Colorado, grew to become the primary blind particular person to succeed in the summit of Mount Everest (2001)
  • Surprise Girl, starring Gal Gadot and Chris Pine, premiered in Los Angeles, the primary superhero movie directed by a girl—Patty Jenkins (2017)

45 years in the past as we speak, the Chinese language authorities introduced the tip of a decades-long ban on the works of William Shakespeare, successfully ending the Cultural Revolution—essentially the most harmful socio-political motion in historical past. Regardless of Mao Zedong’s ban on the Bard, Shakespeare has been beloved by the Chinese language ever because the late nineteenth century. His performs have been interpreted strictly as philosophy in addition to drama, and reproductions of his tales beneath the backdrop of China have appeared, like Akira Kurasawa did for Samurai movies, in Chinese language martial arts cinema.

Zhu Shenghao’s translations of Shakespeare – Shakespeare.org

 

Zhu Shenghao (1912-1944) was a Shakespearian scholar in China, who, regardless of dwelling his entire dwell in poverty and sickness, translated 31 of Shakespeare’s works into Mandarin. His manuscripts have been destroyed twice within the Sino-Japanese Conflict. However he remade all of them after arriving in Taiwan.

Shakespeare was all the time in a curious state of limbo following the communist takeover. On the one hand, Karl Marx revered Shakespeare, and so initially the Maoists disseminated his works all through the nation. However over time the idea that solely a powerful Chinese language tradition might counter malign overseas influences noticed Mao ban the performs, which have been mentioned to be promoting like recent buns the morning earlier than the ban was to be enacted.

This yr, with cooperation and help from the Shakespeare Beginning Belief of Stratford-upon-Avon, a 1:1 scale mannequin of the home by which the bard was born, and the one the place he in all probability died, will probably be completed within the metropolis of Fuzhou which not too long ago determined by authorities edict it was to be the Shakespearean coronary heart of all China. (1971)

 

And, 46 years in the past as we speak, Star Wars, the movie that heralded a brand new period of particular results for fantasy-adventure films, was launched. Created by George Lucas, the Star Wars franchise grew to become a worldwide popular culture phenomenon by means of the merchandising of charismatic saga.  The movie was nominated for 11 Academy Awards and received 7, together with Finest Authentic Rating, by John Williams. Oscar nods included: Alec Guinness nominated for Actor in a Supporting Function, George Lucas for Director; different nominations for Make-up; Sound Modifying; Screenplay; and Finest Image. The movie received the award for: Artwork Path-Set Ornament, Costume Design, Movie Modifying, Sound (Mixing), Visible Results, and a Particular Achievement Award for its Alien, Creature and Robotic Voices. (1977)

And, 88 years in the past as we speak, within the waning days of his profession, a 40-year-old Babe Ruth had been dragging down his crew with awful fielding, sluggish working, and spotty hitting. At the present time, nevertheless, he hit three monster dwelling runs in a single sport. The subsequent week he retired.

babe_ruth

He proved himself the ‘Sultan of Swat‘ when he hit a ball so completely it soared over the mammoth right-field roof of Forbes Discipline, a feat nobody else had ever achieved — a “prodigious drive” estimated at greater than 500 ft. It was his final dwelling run. It topped his lifetime tally at 714 and set a baseball document that stood for 39 years. (1935)

Additionally on today, 70 years in the past, the first public tv station within the U.S. formally started broadcasting as KUHT from the campus of the College of Houston in Texas.

Established by Dr. John C. Schwarzwalder, a professor within the Radio-Tv Division, it was the primary station to broadcast beneath an academic non-profit license within the nation. As an NET member station (Nationwide Academic Tv), which ultimately merged into PBS, the station supplied televised faculty credit score lessons. Operating 15 hours weekly, most programs aired at evening to serve college students who labored throughout the day. (1953)

 

88 years in the past as we speak, a black faculty athlete at Ohio State College set three world information and tied one other in “the best 45 minutes ever in sports activities.” On the Massive Ten Observe and Discipline Championships in Ann Arbor, Michigan, Jesse Owens ran and jumped into observe and subject immortality by equaling the world document for the 100-yard sprint, and breaking the information within the 220-yard dash, the 220-yard low hurdles, and the lengthy leap (with a size unmatched for 1 / 4 century).

Owens, the Alabama native who grew to become a four-time gold medalist the next yr on the Olympic Video games—beating Hitler’s finest observe stars in Berlin—is commonly ranked one of many best athletes of the twentieth century. WATCH a brief clip to see why nobody might duplicate his feat as we speak… (1935)

And, this 1-minute clip, from the identical documentary…

 

And, on today in 1969, Midnight Cowboy premiered in theaters, starring Jon Voight and Dustin Hoffman. It received a plethora of awards together with Academy Awards for Finest Image, Finest Director (John Schlesinger), and Finest Tailored Screenplay. The miserable plot facilities round a Texan ‘cowboy’ who travels to New York Metropolis and finally ends up homeless with an ailing con man (Hoffman) educating him the tips on how to grow to be a hustler.

(You might need heard a pedestrian name out in a Bronx accent if a automotive will get of their approach, the now-famous expression from the film, “Hey, I’m walkin’, right here!”)

Midnight Cowboy, notable as the one X-rated movie ever to win the Finest Image Oscar, is commonly listed within the high 100 best movies of all time. Fred Neil’s theme tune All people’s Talkin’ received a Grammy Award for vocalist Harry Nilsson. WATCH the trailer…

 

62 years in the past as we speak, President John F. Kennedy introduced earlier than a particular joint session of the U.S. Congress his purpose to provoke a venture “to place a person on the Moon”—and return him safely to Earth—earlier than the tip of the last decade.

NASA was ramped-up with funding to launch the Apollo program, and Kennedy’s purpose was achieved months earlier than the deadline, on July 20, 1969, when Neil Armstrong stepped down into the lunar grime. Although the Democratic president by no means lived to see the historic moon touchdown, as a result of he was assassinated two years later, Kennedy’s management and long-term imaginative and prescient modified NASA in elementary, enduring methods.

WATCH his well-known reply to ‘why go to the moon?’… (1961)

SHARE the Milestones, Reminiscences, and Music…



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